Romans 11: The Sovereignty and Wisdom of God in Salvation

Posted On October 1, 2019

Isaiah 55:8-9, “For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, declares the Lord. For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways and my thoughts than your thoughts.” Isaiah 55:8-9

God’s ways are far higher than our ways. But God’s plans are much higher, loftier than that. His plans are made in His perfect character—both wisely and graciously. It would go against His character to make a plan that was anything less than perfect.

Romans 11 is a proclamation of this. As Paul discusses Israel’s rejection of the Gospel and how the Gentiles fit into God’s redemptive plan, we are shown God’s glorious sovereignty and wisdom in the story of redemption.

The Story: Israel and the Gentiles

Paul begins this chapter with a question which forces us back to chapter 10. In chapter 10, he explains how the Gospel is received by grace alone and not works, yet the Jews sought to establish their own righteousness apart from God (Romans 10:3). From that, Paul begins chapter 11 by asking, “Has God then rejected his people?” Paul’s emphatic reply is, “By no means!” (v. 1).

Paul explains to his Gentile audience that God has not rejected His people, the Israelites, completely. God has set aside a remnant to remain faithful to Him, just as He did in the past (vs. 2-5). Just as it is among the Gentiles, God has, in His sovereignty and wisdom, predestined and elected a portion of the Jews to believe and follow Him, while the rest were hardened against Him.

But why? Paul moves us along in the story with a second question: “Did they stumble in order that they might fall?” Once again he counters, “By no means!”

This is where Paul begins to show us God’s wisdom in this plan. Though the Jews are a contrary and disobedient people, God has used this sin to glorify Himself by bringing salvation to the Gentiles. Because a great number of the Jews are deaf to God, the Gentiles are now welcomed into the family of God and receive salvation (v. 11).

Paul recognizes that the Gentiles may be tempted to arrogance, thinking of themselves as better than the Jews because God has cut the Jews off for their sake. But Paul calls them to a humble fear of God in recognition of God’s great mercy on them: “Do not become proud, but fear. For if God did not spare the natural branches [Israel], neither will he spare you. Note then the kindness and the severity of God; severity toward those who have fallen, but God’s kindness to you, provided you continue in his kindness” (vs. 20-22). There is no room for pride in God’s sovereign plan of redemption.

Paul continues on to explain that although the Jews are partially hardened, God has not forgotten them in this grand plan of redemption. Rather, He is going to open the eyes of a large number of the Jews and deliver them from their darkness, revealing His gospel, and saving them from their sins (vs. 25-27).

Once again, Paul reminds them that there is no room for pride. The Gentiles were enemies of God at one point, too, yet God showed them mercy. In the same way, He will show great mercy to the Jews, all to His glory (vs. 28-31).

The Application: All Glory to God

Seeing God’s plan of redemption unfold, how can we not proclaim in unison with Paul:

Romans 11:33-35, “Oh, the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways! ‘For who has known the mind of the Lord, Or who has been his counselor?’ ‘Or who has given a gift to him that he might be repaid?’”

As we consider the whole of salvation—God’s predestination, election, salvation, and glorification of believers—what can we do but humbly proclaim Him? All glory goes to Him.

We are wretched sinners who deserve nothing. The Gentiles who were grafted in were sinful pagans who worshipped false gods. The Jews abandoned God, either to other gods or to seeking to earn their salvation. We Gentiles today are no different; we hated and rebelled against God just like they did.

And yet, what has God done? He has shown grace, He has opened blind eyes, and He has set aside a remnant for Himself. We deserve nothing, yet we have been given everything that pertains to eternal life.

And how did we receive it? Through works? Through our own striving and effort? No, we did not even desire God, and we were incapable of bringing anything worthwhile to salvation. Nothing we could offer could begin to bring us closer to salvation. So, God sent His only Son, Jesus, to die on the cross for our sins and rise again. He did it all. His sacrifice completed salvation for us. And we only receive it when He opens our blind eyes.

Whether you are Jew or Gentile, God takes all the glory in your salvation. You contributed nothing, and you keep your salvation only because Christ keeps you. You are called to believe and obey, but the belief and obedience you have are from the power of God. Where is pride? There’s no room, not in God’s plan of redemption. All glory goes to Him.

Romans 11:36, “For from him and through him and to him are all things. To him be glory forever. Amen.”

Related Posts

His Glory and Your Joy

His Glory and Your Joy

Q: “What is the chief end of man?” A: “Man’s chief end is to glorify God, and to enjoy him forever.” This is the first question and answer in the Westminster Confession of Faith. Many saints have used this confession since the late 1700s when it was written. However,...

Guard Your Hearts

Guard Your Hearts

Hebrews 3:12, “Take care, brothers, lest there be in any of you an evil, unbelieving heart, leading you to fall away from the living God.” The first generation of Israelites that left Egypt hardened their hearts against the Lord and were not allowed to enter the...

Living in Light of God’s Justice

Living in Light of God’s Justice

A few years ago, while I was working on my undergraduate degree, I was running late for an 8:30am Hebrew class. So, that morning, I ran out of the house, jumped in my car, and sped off to Dallas. As I was speeding in my little red Chevy Cobalt, I saw him and he saw...

The Danger of Neglecting Lament in the Local Church

The Danger of Neglecting Lament in the Local Church

“Positive and encouraging.” When I tune my radio to the local Christian station, that’s the theme I hear—over and over. It’s not just the station’s motto. The music is upbeat. The hosts are jovial. There’s plenty of laughter. The only “downer” is the news. But then we...

Biblical Apologetics: How Shall We Respond to Unbelief?

Biblical Apologetics: How Shall We Respond to Unbelief?

Unbelief is in the air. Unbelief is gaining ground in postmodern culture. Over 100 years ago, the German philosopher, Friedrich Nietzsche wrote, “I call Christianity the one great curse, the one great innermost corruption, the one great instinct of revenge, for which...


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.