Category: Theology For Life

The Quest for the Historical Adam – A Review

The intriguing title, The Quest for the Historical Adam, by William VanDoodewaard, is patterned after Albert Schweitzer’s (in)famous The Quest for the Historical Jesus (1910). But rather than a focus on the “last Adam,” VanDoodewaard focuses on the first Adam. And rather than reducing or marginalizing the authority and plenary inspiration of Scripture—as Schweitzer did—VanDoodewaard seeks to affirm it. Dr. VanDoodewaard (PhD, University of Aberdeen) serves as professor of church history at Puritan Reformed Theological Seminary and is an ordained minister in the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church (ARP). He has written a number of articles for academic journals and...

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Did Bible Authors Believe in a Literal Genesis?

Anyone who has read the Bible very much will recognize that there are different kinds of literature in the Old and New Testaments. There are parables, poetry, prophetic visions, dreams, epistles, proverbs, and historical narrative, with the majority being the latter. So, how should we interpret Genesis 1–11? Is it history? Is it mythology? Is it symbolic poetry? Is it allegory? Is it a parable? Is it a prophetic vision? Is it a mixture of these kinds of literature or some kind of unique genre? And does it really matter anyway? We will come back to the last question...

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Adam A Determinative Hermeneutic in the Bible

Adam as a real person in real history is under attack in our day. From attacks on the scientific community to the Christian community, some are suggesting we shouldn’t take seriously the Bible’s teaching on Adam. What is often missed in books and articles on this topic is how our understanding of Adam affects how we understand the entire makeup of the Bible from it’s storyline to how we interpret Scripture. Since Adam as a real person in real history is so serious in this article, I’m going to attempt to lay out how Adam is not a side...

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Interpretations of the Genesis Creation Narrative

With the influence of evolutionary and humanistic constructs which gained prominence during the latter stages of the nineteenth century cultural and academic milieu, alternative interpretations of creation became vogue. The increasing pressure from the scientific community to inculcate evolutionary dogma into all aspects of life has led many theologians to look for ways in which to amalgamate the teachings of scripture and the tenets of evolutionary theory. The aforementioned efforts have led to the development of multifarious origins views such as the Gap Theory, Theistic Evolution, and Old Earth or Progressive Creationism. Conversely, those who espouse the Young Earth...

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Is Genesis 1 Literal, Literalism, or Literalistic?

Young earth creationists, or rather biblical creationists, are often accused of being over-literal in their interpretation of Genesis 1. Regrettably, this accusation caricaturizes this position as a “literalistic interpretation”, which is unfortunate since biblical creationists explain their hermeneutic as “grammatical-historical interpretation”. This article will argue that, when we read Genesis 1 in its context, it should be understood as a historical account which teaches that God created everything in six 24-hour days. The discussion over the days of creation is often shaped by the way it is framed by those who caricature the biblical creation position. For example, Old...

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