In Proposition 71, George Peters states:
“The language of the Apostles confirmed the Jews in their Messianic hopes of the Kingdom.”
Given that we can clearly affirm the Apostles did not teach anything different than what had been declared for centuries in the Old Testament, specifically in regards to God’s covenant promises with His people regarding the Kingdom, we can also affirm the Apostles confirmed to the Jews the very essence of their hope. This is why they constantly declared Jesus was the Messiah.
The most notable observation Peters presents in Proposition 71 is the following:
“The Apostles, in their writings, constantly speak of the Kingdom as something that was well understood and fully comprehended as to meaning. Nowhere do we find the modern explanation and definition given to it; and, according to our argument, being covenanted and fully described by the prophets, it needed no such additions, being already clearly apprehended. If the Kingdom had been some entire new thing (as some assert), or if it was to be in a form different from that described in the literal language of the Old Testament, then, if the Apostles became conscious of such a change on the day of Pentecost and afterward, one of two things out to have been done by them. They, if honest and capable instructors, out to have told, especially to the Jews, that the covenant with David as they (the hearers) understood it could not be realized, or, that the language was to be understood differently in a spiritual or mystical sense, or, that another and materially different Kingdom (a spiritual one, or, the church as one) was now established thus fulfilling covenant promise – using just such language as modern (if correct) writers employ on the subject. How could they leave their thousands of hearers without giving them (if in error on so great a point) some definite explanation of this kingdom if it varied so greatly, as learned men make it, from “Jewish conceptions”. The truth is that it required no such explanations, for the Apostles were addressing persons to whom the Old Testament was familiar, to whom the covenants and Kingdom were well known; and hence they labored to show that this Jesus was the Messiah, that at His Second Coming the predicted restitution and Kingdom would appear, and that to secure entrance into that Kingdom repentance and faith in that Coming Christ were indispensable.”
This is an excellent observation by Peters. Either the Apostles were completely clueless, or they purposefully attempted to preach a completely new doctrine. It seems many are stuck on the term “new” as it is noted in the New Testament as if God suddenly shifted course when it comes to His covenant promises with His people, both the root and those grafted into those promises. If the Apostles were to teach something new, that new doctrine would certainly have been needed to be provided by the One who made the covenant promises in the first place. Of course we see no such indication of a new doctrine or set of covenants regarding the promise of the Kingdom being given to the Apostles. The Messiah would come again to establish fully the promised Kingdom. Those who participate in that Kingdom will be those who fall down at the feet of the King in repentance and faith. This was the message of the gospel proclaimed to the Jews and Gentiles – salvation from the penalty of sin which is death so that life may be found when the Messiah returns.