In Proposition 69, George Peters states:
“The death of Jesus did not remove the notion entertained by the disciples and apostles concerning the Kingdom.”
The death of Jesus certainly impacted the psyche of the disciples and apostles. The Messiah had just been crucified. The individual they believed had come to establish the Kingdom has been brutally tortured and murdered. Yet despite this event, their faith in the coming Kingdom remained, albeit understandably shaken.
The most notable observation Peters presents in Proposition 69 is the following:
“It is true that the death of Jesus (notwithstanding the intimations given, as seen in Props. 58, 66, etc.) must have placed them in a perplexed attitude, and must, before His resurrection, have appeared contradictory to their expectations. This much the record intimates. The question how to reconcile this sad event with their continued view of covenant and prophecy pressed them heavily. Not appreciating the necessity (in more respects that one) of that death to seal the covenant and make its fulfillment (as e.g. in the triumph over death) possible, the question would naturally arise, how can this Kingdom be established when the King, David’s Son, Himself yields to death? Still the faith in the wonderful words and works, clouded by this distressing event, was sustained in a measure by the astonishing death itself and the things connected therewith, while the resurrection, restoring the Messiah to them, reconfirmed that faith in His ability, etc., to fulfill the covenants and Prophets, so that it ever after shone forth with undiminished strength and luster.”
It is a fact that most of the disciples and apostles fled when Jesus was arrested and very few are noted to have stayed close to the scene of Jesus being tried, tortured, and murdered. Let’s just say they scattered. The Messiah had been murdered so how in the world could the promised Kingdom come about? The very individual who was prophesied to sit on the throne of that Kingdom was dead. Despite their perplexed state, they had been told by Jesus that he would be raised from the dead. They had the promise made by God through the Prophets of the establishment of the Kingdom. They had the oaths/covenants made by God with His people. Thus, despite their faith being shaken a bit, they had placed their trust in God, knowing He is God and is committed to His covenant promises. The resurrection from the dead was the proverbial icing on the cake to confirm or perhaps reconfirm their faith in the aforementioned prophesies and covenant promises. God’s divine plan cannot be thwarted.