In Proposition 54, George Peters states:
“The preaching of the Kingdom by John, Jesus, and the disciples, was confined to the Jewish nation.”
With this type of statement, some will be tempted to go down the road to declare the message of the Kingdom was solely for the Jews and thus not for the “church”. Nothing could be further from the truth. What Peters is stating is a matter of obvious fact. John, Jesus, and the disciples operated within the confines of Israel and the Jewish people. This makes sense given the history we have discussed thus far about the Kingdom and the reality the Kingdom was a covenant promise made to God’s people (i.e. Israel) through the line of David. They anticipated for this Kingdom. It made perfect sense to start (or reengage perhaps) the declaration of the coming of this Kingdom with the very people God had made a covenant with concerning the Kingdom. Once that was established, then the message could proceed to all nations as promised by God through the covenant with Abraham to bring all nations into the fold, at least those who would listen and respond to that call.
The most notable observation Peters presents in Proposition 54 is the following:
“The Kingdom was ultimately to be extended from the Jews so that it would embrace the Gentiles also, as indicated plainly by the prophecies (Prop. 30). This opinion was held by the Jews, as the titles given to the Messiah showed (e.g. Mac. 2:7, 14), “the King of the World”). But this ordering did not interfere with the Davidic covenanted basis, or with the predicted (on this account) supremacy of the nation (Prop. 114).”
We touched on this a bit in the discussion on Peters’ Proposition. The message of the Kingdom was appropriately initiated (or again re-initiated) with the Jewish people with whom God had made covenant promises. The plan was all along for this message to spread to all nations. In fact, the responsibility had been given to a large degree to the Jewish people to carry this message into the world, to be the caretakers of this message. Despite the plan for this message to reach and impact all nations, that truth does not supersede the place of Israel within the covenant construct. The Gentiles do not supersede or replace the people of Israel. The nations are drawn into covenant relationship and grafted in as the people of God (i.e. Israel) when they answer the call of God to salvation from sin and death.