In Proposition 47, George Peters states:
“The Jews had the strongest possible assurance given to them that the Kingdom based on those covenants would be realized.”
Their assurance was rooted in the fact that God keeps His covenant promises. An oath was a serious venture in the Ancient Middle East (ANE), especially oaths entered into between a people and their sovereign. The very reputation of the sovereign was at stake. God does not lie and will be proven that His word and covenants are faithful and true. Thus the Jews had the utmost confidence that God would bring about His covenant promises.
The most notable observation Peters presents in Proposition 47 is the following:
“Let the reader place himself in the period before the First Advent, with the Old Testament in his hands. Now what would be his belief in the Kingdom, with those covenants and prophecies, confirmed by oath and most expressive assurances? Surely it would be identical with that of the Jews themselves; it could not be otherwise, if there was faith in God’s Word and God’s oath. Can we believe that the First Advent of the Messiah obliterated this belief, destroyed the nature of the Kingdom, erased the grammatical sense of covenant and prophecy, and cancelled the oath of the Unchangeable? Multitudes do this, but we cannot, dare not follow the multitude in this matter. God’s assurances are too weighty, His Word is too pure, to allow of such a destructive process.”
I think we often forget that when John the Baptist, Jesus, and the disciples went about declaring the Kingdom was at hand, that what the people who heard that message had as a frame of reference was the Old Testament. As noted in the previous observation and this one, the Kingdom was rooted in the Abrahamic and Davidic covenants. Where were those covenants recorded? In the Old Testament. As Peters so brilliantly reminds us, we have to reject any temptation to follow those who promote the belief that the Old Testament had went poof during the time of Jesus and along with it the covenant promises rooted in God’s Word and His oath with His people.