In Proposition 32, George Peters states:
“This Theocratic Kingdom, thus incorporated with the Davidic, is removed when the Davidic Kingdom is overthrown.”
Upon the exile of Israel and Judah into captivity, the Davidic kingdom had been overthrown. Thus, the incorporated Theocratic and Davidic kingdoms endured separation with the Davidic throne being unoccupied. God is of course still Chief Sovereign over all; however, the Davidic throne is something that would be looked upon as being re-established in a future context.
The most notable observation Peters presents in Proposition 32 is the following:
“The reader, although perhaps premature in our line of argument, will notice that this feature has its decided influence in shaping the peculiar and striking manner in which the Bible is written and placed together. Unbelief has made itself merry at the early historical narrative of the Jewish nation when contrasted with the mighty empires of the world, at the sudden breaking off of the same, its non-resumption (in the Bible) to present the splendid achievements of the Maccabees, etc. But under all this lies a profound reason. The mighty empires of the world are as nothing to God when compared to His initiatory Theocratic ordering. Small as the latter is when contrasted with Kingdoms that embraced immense territories and a multitude of nations; weak as the subordinate Theocratic kings were when compared with an Alexander or Cyrus or Caesar, yet in the estimation of Deity, there was in this nucleus, this earnest of government, something that outweighed the grandeur of all earthly Kingdoms. This was the Theocracy. God shows due respect to His own ordering, and hence confines Himself almost exclusively to the history of the Jewish nation. Other Kingdoms are, indeed, mentioned, but only to show their relationship to the Jewish nation and to pronounce their doom, or the final result when the Theocracy shall be triumphantly re-established. This give the Bible its remarkable cast of expression and its historical connection. Thus e.g. there is a regular tracing of the rise of the nation, the establishment of the Theocracy, and then comes the regular history of the Theocracy to its downfall or rather withdrawal. Everything which led to it, that was connected with it, that led to its abandonment, is given as a matter of interest. Briefly, but boldly, the outlines, the essentials, for a correct apprehension, are presented down to the last King. Then follows the account of the Captivity; of a partial restoration; of the return not meeting the requirements of a restored Theocracy; of God’s fulfilling His word in punishing; of prophets who predict the re-establishment of the Theocracy; of a long silence of centuries, a sufficiency of prediction having been given and the history of the nation being unworthy of record; of what occurred at the coming of the Messiah, and the mention of continued punishment, of a few predictions confirmatory of the Old Testament, but no attempt to verify them, for in the unbroken silence, the dignity of prophecy is enhanced by the fulfillment being taken for granted as something needing no proof, being ever present in history.”
In this rather lengthy observation, Peters outlines the course of history and how it is intimately connected to the nation of Israel and the Theocracy. The rise and fall of nations and the rise and fall of the nation of Israel for that matter all is part of God’s divine plan. It is interesting that even today, most of the world’s events seem to center around the Middle East and Israel. While certainly not a Theocratic kingdom today, the events of world history have and will continue to revolve around the Jewish people. Ultimately, the Davidic throne will be re-established and the Theocracy in existence once more. As we read through Scripture, it is important to grasp that the flow of biblical history revolves around God’s people, His elect.