The Problem of Evil in the Book of Job

Introduction to Theodicy The Lord is sovereign, powerful and good. Evil exists and creatures bear moral responsibility for it. In making sense of the undeniable presence of sin, along with injustice and suffering it causes, many people deny one or more of these essential truths. People postulate that God is not truly in charge of the world and rendered finite by sin, that God is somehow limited in his ability to effect change in the world, or that perhaps God is both good and evil. Some try to deny the reality of evil, rendering it an illusion or a matter of perception. Others deny responsibility for their own sinfulness, shifting the blame to other people or a bad environment. The word theodicy comes from the Greek theos (“God) and the root dik- (“just”) and seeks to justify the ways of God to man showing that God is in the right and is glorious and worthy of praise despite contrary appearances. Theologian Dr. J.I. Packer says that theodicy asks how we can believe that God is both good and sovereign in face of the world’s evil- bad people; bad deeds, defying God and injuring people; harmful (Bad circumstances, events, experiences and states of mind, which waste, thwart, or destroy value, actual or potential, in and for humankind; in short, all facts, physical and moral, that prompt the feeling, “This ought...

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