Death in Adam, Life in Christ

Introduction Every person is affected by Adam’s disobedience; the effects of which are felt everyday because every man, woman, and child is born into original sin, and has thus received a sin nature. Only Christ through His atoning sacrifice can justify His people by removing the stain of sin and death through His death and resurrection. This paper will explore Romans 5:12-21. Background Immediate Context The immediate context of Romans 5:12-17 is Romans 5:1-11 where Paul completes his case that God justifies sinners on the basis of faith alone, and then turns to counter the notion that although believers receive salvation by faith, they will reserve it by good works. He argues that they are bound eternally to Jesus Christ, preserved by his power and not by human effort (Isa. 11:5; Ps. 36:5; Lam. 3:23; Eph. 1:18-20; 2 Tim. 2:13; Heb. 10:23). For the Christian, the evidences of that eternal tie are: 1) his peace with God (Rom. 5:1-2) his standing in grace (v.2a); 3) his hope of glory (vv.2b-5a); 4) his receiving of divine love (vv.5b-8); 5) his certain escape of divine wrath (vv.9-10); and 6) his joy in the Lord (v.11). Romans 5:12-21 is one of the most enigmatic passages in the entire book, Paul sets out to show how one man’s death can provide salvation for many. To prove his point, he uses Adam to establish...

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